Institute of Criminology publishes parts of EU STREET VIOLENCE outcomes in Czech


Prag, 6 August 2013 – The Institute of Criminology and Social Prevention (ICSP) of the Ministry of Justice of the Czech Republic will publish parts of has declared its interest in the EU STREET VIOLENCE publication Youth Groups and Violence in Public Spaces. An agreement has been signed between the director of the institute Prof. Miroslaw Sheinhorst and Efus executive director Elizabeth Johnston. The institute will translate and publish several articles of the publication and publish them in Cezch as part of its sources series. The Czech version of the articles will be made available on the EU STREET VIOLENCE website when they are available.


Appel à candidature ‐ contrat doctoral sur les violences urbaines

saisir l'europe JPEG


« Saisir l’Europe » un réseau franco-allemand en sciences humaines et en sciences sociales de sept institutions françaises et allemandes de recherche propose un contrat doctoral sur les violences urbaines.


Cliquez ici pour accéder à l’appel à candidature

Publication “EU Street Violence: Youth Groups and Violence in Public Spaces”

The publication EU Street Violence: Youth Groups and Violence in Public Spaces presents the results of the project. It aims to give local decision makers a better understanding of the issues at stake and of the different policy options and strategies that are available for the inclusion of young people as individuals and members of groups.

The publication includes contributions from experts who summarise the insights they have gained from the project and share their analyses from the database along with their recommendations and practices. Experts from Efus and the Belgian, Spanish and French national Forums for urban security contribute, along with the sociologist, Marwan Mohammed, the expert in gender Marie-Dominique de Suremain (Psytel, France), Portuguese consultant Franciso Empis, experts from the region of Emilia Romagna (Italy), Andy Mills of the National Community Safety Network (NCSN, UK), and respected academics from the Universities of Tubingen and Amsterdam (VU) and the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement.



An introduction to the publication is also available in EnglishFrenchSpanish and Italian.


The full publication is available  in ENG, ES, FR and IT.


EU Street Violence: Youth Groups and Violence in Public Spaces


EU Street Violence: Groupes de jeune et violence dans l’espace public



EU Street Violence: Grupos de jóvenes y violencia en el espacio público



EU Street Violence: Bande giovanili e violenza nello spazio pubblico



EU STREET VIOLENCE project inspires new Manifesto « Security, Democracy and Cities »



The Manifesto of Aubervilliers and Saint-Denis is a political platform on urban security which brings together all the values and principles that form the foundations of Euroepan Forum for Urban Security and its members’ actions. It constitutes a continuation of the principles and recommendations of the Naples Manifesto (2000) and the Saragossa Manifesto (2006), yet it also forms a future plan of action for local authorities that can be followed during the years to come.


The Manifesto is the outcome of the international conference “Security, Democracy and Cities: The Future of Prevention”, which brought together 900 participants from 40 countries 12-14 December 2012 in Aubervilliers and Saint-Denis, France.


It contains thematic recommendations on 19 central issues of urban security. The recommendations on collective violence directly build on the insights gained through the EU STREET VIOLENCE project, many of which have in this way become political recommendation of the European local authorities.


Read the manifesto of Aubervilliers and Saint-Denis and its recommendations on collective violence (page 38-39)…


Learn more and see the film on the making of the manifesto…


EU STREET VIOLENCE at Efus’ international conference

The EU STREET VIOLENCE project presented its results as part of the international conference “Security, Democracy and Cities: The Future of Prevention“, which took place 12, 13 and 14 December in Aubervilliers and Saint-Denis (France) and which brought together 900 people from 40 countries including representatives of 200 local authorities.
Click here to learn more and see the film on the conference.


The project and its partners and experts contributed with the results of the project the thematic session on “Collective Violence” to the conference, Friday 14 December 2012 from 9.30 to 12.00,  in the Espace Champion. External speakers included the Secretary General of the French National Council of Towns and Cities, Ms Brigitte RAYNAUD, the Secretary General, International Observatory of Juvenile Justice (OIJJ), Ms Cristina GONI, France and Prof . Harald WEILNBÖCK from the European Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN).
Click here to read the article of the conference Gazette on this thematic session.

The project was also officially presented at the conference. Right after the opening session, Wednesday 12 December 2012 at 16.30., the EU STREET VIOLENCE project opened the zoom session of the conference, which was a series of project presentations, held throughout the conference.


Moreover, conference participants could see and test the database at the project’s information stand.


Portuguese and European experiences with street violence – Seminar in Lisbon – 25 October 2012

Around 90 people took part in this event at the headquarters of the Lisbon Municipal Police. Amongst the participants were a large number of officers from different Portuguese police forces.


In his opening address, Guilherme Pinto, Mayor of Matosinhos and President of Efus, reminded participants that the causes behind street violence, and the way it occurs, are common in many countries. Hence the responses should be similar, and Efus’ mission is to make sure that the best responses can be known and accessible to all.

The seminar started with a presentation on the Reco Street Violence project. Participants were invited to submit their work on the project website, so that Efus may collect best practices in the field.


A number of presentations on experience of Portuguese police forces followed, both on a national and city level. Statistical data showed a dip in criminality in the last four years, framed by a general rise in crime in the last ten years. All speakers mentioned crimes against property as the most common occurrence, with the majority of crimes being committed by those in lower age groups. All were unanimous in the approach that prevention is the most effective way of dealing with street violence.

Two examples of criminal groups were given, albeit with different modus operandi and objectives. The fact that both operated in Lisbon is reflective of the statistical data which showed the capital as the area with most crime in Portugal.


The following session moved away from crime to look at solutions. A juvenile delinquency detention centre showed its innovative approach where detainees themselves are made responsible for their own reintegration in society. The centre works in close collaboration with parents and others involved in youths’ lives to ensure their wellbeing. Once again, the emphasis was put on prevention, to avoid juvenile delinquency occurrences and reoccurrences.


The last session brought three participants from the UK, Italy and Spain to share their experiences. Andy Mills showed the specificities of the UK situation, with its distinct police forces and approaches to crime problems. The situations presented by the Italian and Spanish speakers were similar, with gang violence being a quasi direct result of migration from Latin American countries. Two very distinct approaches by city authorities showed two ways to tackle the problem of gang presence.

The EU Reco Street Violence project is developing an online database to make knowledge and good practice on violence committed by youth groups accessible to practitioners, academics and policy makers.

For that purpose it has been undertaking a vast review of documents, recommendations and practices. It is currently undertaking a European survey of practices in European cities and regions.


EU STREET VIOLENCE at the 31st Council of Europe Conference of Ministers of Justice in Vienna


“Responses of justice to urban violence” were at the centre of the 31st Council of Europe Conference of Ministers of Justice, which took place on 19-21 September 2012 in Vienna, Austria. In the light of the unrest and riots that have taken place in the last few years in several European cities such as London, Madrid, Athens, Paris, Copenhagen, and Moscow, the 47 European Ministers and representatives of Ministers discussed the contribution that law and justice could provide to the prevention of urban violence. Considering that youths are at the centre of this complex phenomenon, and that technologies have made urban violence less predictable than in the past, the conference discussed in particular “Juveniles as perpetrators and victims” and “Organised groups and their new ways of communicating”.

The European Forum was invited to provide food for thought for the discussion on organised groups and new information technologies, and to present its EU Reco Street Violence project. While pointing out to new problems linked to the use of new information and communication technologies, Efus stressed that, as the examples of youth gangs but also riots and spontaneous gatherings have shown, technologies are not a fundamental game changer. Though new technologies have to be taken into account in terms of new threats as well as new tools, the core problems of street violence continue to require a holistic, knowledge-based, multi-agency approach anchored at the local level and based on citizen participation.

EU Ministers agreed that urban violence requires a swift reply by the justice system, but also that the justice system alone cannot solve the underlying causes and that preventive measures are also required in order to provide youth with a perspective. In their final resolution the Ministers underlined the importance of strengthening justice systems appropriate for juveniles and to develop restorative justice measures.

Please find more information on the conference and the full resolution on the website of the conference.

EU Street Violence intermediate conference in Bologna


“Street violence in Europe”
28 June 2012, Bologna


Bologna, Italy, 29 June 2012 – Around 100 people attended this conference on European experiences on violence committed by groups of youths in public spaces, which was organised in partnership with the Emilia-Romagna region.

In her opening address, Simonetta Saliera, Vice-President of the Emilia-Romagna region, explained that even though her region is not affected by this phenomenon, conditions exist that could trigger it, according to studies led in partnership with the University of Bologna. This is why Emilia-Romagna pursues a prevention policy in this field, which combines research and field work.

Rossella Selmini, head of the security department of the Emilia-Romagna region and representative of the Italian Forum for Urban Security (FISU, according to its Italian acronym), made a presentation on the historic roots of youth violence in Italy. She said that up until recently, youth violence in Italy was curbed by the “informal control” exerted in the family, but that families are losing their weight in society. This trend has motivated Emilia-Romagna to join the EU Street Violence project. Stefania Crocitti, criminologist at the University of Bologna, then presented a case-study on the characteristics of youth gangs in Emilia-Romagna.

These interventions were followed by two round-tables. The first was moderated by experts and was dedicated to the exchange of information on street violence and gangs in various European countries (Belgium, France, and Spain). The second was on how to manage groups of young troublemakers. Representatives of the city of Rotterdam (Netherlands) and of the National Community Safety Network (NSCN, United Kingdom), as well as a sociologist of the University of Genoa, and the Director of Prevention for the police of Brussels-Ixelles (Belgium) presented the research and practices led by their respective organisations.

The conference concluded with a preliminary presentation of the database and the first results of the project by Psytel, a non lucrative company partner of the project.

The conference followed the third meeting of the project partners since EU Street Violence was launched in 2011. It was dedicated to a presentation of the database, which is currently being finalised, and on the preliminary findings of the research led by each of the project partners. Attendees also discussed the final publication that will present the conclusions of the EU Street Violence project.
The minutes of the meeting can by downloaded here by project partners.

Five questions on violence committed by youth groups in public spaces

The aim of the EU Reco Street violence project is to make knowledge and good practices on violence committed by youth groups in public space accessible to practitioners, academics and policy makers.

To this end we want to develop an online database that will include analyses, recommendations and practices. We would be very grateful if you would help this project by filling a very short questionnaire.

Please click here

Discussing issues of street violence with members of the Union of Baltic Cities

Street violence is also an issue for cities of the Baltic Sea area. This is why the local safety commission of the Union of Baltic Cities (UBC) invited the European Forum to present its project “EU Reco Street Violence” and to discuss with its members during its fifth meeting, which took place on 23, 24 and 25 May 2012 in Tallinn, Estonia.

The Union of Baltic Cities is a network of over 100 cities of countries bordering the Baltic Sea.

It has 13 thematic commissions, the most recent of which deals with local and urban safety. Started in 2010 as a work group, it has now become a permanent commission in which 15 cities participate from Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden.


Contacts were established between the UBC and the European Forum, which has been organising inter city exchange on urban safety at the European level for 25 years. Given their similar missions, their levels of experience and complementary membership, it seemed logic to seek cooperation between the two organisations and their members.


The issue of street violence provides an excellent theme of cooperation. Indeed, the European Forum is looking, for its Daphne III project “EU Reco Street Violence”,  for experiences, practices and recommendations on violence committed by urban youth groups in countries outside the project consortium. Efus is therefore very interested in developments in Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden.  On the other hands, members of the UBC’s urban safety commission are interested in learning more about the experiences and practices of members of Efus’ network.

The Baltic cities who attended the UBC meeting do not have particularly serious crime or gang problems.  In fact, as in many other parts of Europe, they associate the term “gang” with the situation in the United States rather than at home. Nevertheless, they feel concerned by the issue of street violence in a wider sense: Most face problems with groups of young people in the public space. Some report problems with groups of drunk people who fight outside of bars after closing hour, others report violence from sports fans, and even  groups who use internet to arrange meetings that are specifically aimed at fighting.

Others report problems with groups of organised pickpockets or groups of young people hanging out in public areas of housing estates and central areas of cities. But some cities are confronted with proper street gangs, or gang-like networks which are mainly ethnic gangs, such as Stockholm (Sweden), where the Black Cobras have set foot.

Baltic cities have already put in place specific measures to address this issue, that range from risk reduction measures to strategies aimed at preventing young people to join gangs, the latter being developed in Sweden by the National Prevention Council. Swedish cities that adhere to this strategy have put in place educational programmes to dispel “mythology” of gangs among young people. Youngsters are shown that joining a gang is not a guarantee for protection, quite the contrary. Other actions include preventing gangs from occupying a given “territory”. Such preventive measures are accompanied by repressive ones.

In many Baltic cities, the issue is rather new, and they are very interested in learning more through the EU Reco Street Violence project, in particular to avoid further street violence problems.

It is in this context that participants agreed to support the EU Reco Street Violence project by participating in its European survey and by sharing practices with the project.

In addition to other opportunities for cooperation, for example around the upcoming international Efus conference on the future of prevention, Efus and the EU Reco Street Violence have already been invited to continue exchanges with the UBC commission and several members cities and to participate in next year’s seminar on street violence.