Institute of Criminology publishes parts of EU STREET VIOLENCE outcomes in Czech


Prag, 6 August 2013 – The Institute of Criminology and Social Prevention (ICSP) of the Ministry of Justice of the Czech Republic will publish parts of has declared its interest in the EU STREET VIOLENCE publication Youth Groups and Violence in Public Spaces. An agreement has been signed between the director of the institute Prof. Miroslaw Sheinhorst and Efus executive director Elizabeth Johnston. The institute will translate and publish several articles of the publication and publish them in Cezch as part of its sources series. The Czech version of the articles will be made available on the EU STREET VIOLENCE website when they are available.


Publication “EU Street Violence: Youth Groups and Violence in Public Spaces”

The publication EU Street Violence: Youth Groups and Violence in Public Spaces presents the results of the project. It aims to give local decision makers a better understanding of the issues at stake and of the different policy options and strategies that are available for the inclusion of young people as individuals and members of groups.

The publication includes contributions from experts who summarise the insights they have gained from the project and share their analyses from the database along with their recommendations and practices. Experts from Efus and the Belgian, Spanish and French national Forums for urban security contribute, along with the sociologist, Marwan Mohammed, the expert in gender Marie-Dominique de Suremain (Psytel, France), Portuguese consultant Franciso Empis, experts from the region of Emilia Romagna (Italy), Andy Mills of the National Community Safety Network (NCSN, UK), and respected academics from the Universities of Tubingen and Amsterdam (VU) and the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement.



An introduction to the publication is also available in EnglishFrenchSpanish and Italian.


The full publication is available  in ENG, ES, FR and IT.


EU Street Violence: Youth Groups and Violence in Public Spaces


EU Street Violence: Groupes de jeune et violence dans l’espace public



EU Street Violence: Grupos de jóvenes y violencia en el espacio público



EU Street Violence: Bande giovanili e violenza nello spazio pubblico



EU STREET VIOLENCE project inspires new Manifesto « Security, Democracy and Cities »



The Manifesto of Aubervilliers and Saint-Denis is a political platform on urban security which brings together all the values and principles that form the foundations of Euroepan Forum for Urban Security and its members’ actions. It constitutes a continuation of the principles and recommendations of the Naples Manifesto (2000) and the Saragossa Manifesto (2006), yet it also forms a future plan of action for local authorities that can be followed during the years to come.


The Manifesto is the outcome of the international conference “Security, Democracy and Cities: The Future of Prevention”, which brought together 900 participants from 40 countries 12-14 December 2012 in Aubervilliers and Saint-Denis, France.


It contains thematic recommendations on 19 central issues of urban security. The recommendations on collective violence directly build on the insights gained through the EU STREET VIOLENCE project, many of which have in this way become political recommendation of the European local authorities.


Read the manifesto of Aubervilliers and Saint-Denis and its recommendations on collective violence (page 38-39)…


Learn more and see the film on the making of the manifesto…


Discussing issues of street violence with members of the Union of Baltic Cities

Street violence is also an issue for cities of the Baltic Sea area. This is why the local safety commission of the Union of Baltic Cities (UBC) invited the European Forum to present its project “EU Reco Street Violence” and to discuss with its members during its fifth meeting, which took place on 23, 24 and 25 May 2012 in Tallinn, Estonia.

The Union of Baltic Cities is a network of over 100 cities of countries bordering the Baltic Sea.

It has 13 thematic commissions, the most recent of which deals with local and urban safety. Started in 2010 as a work group, it has now become a permanent commission in which 15 cities participate from Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden.


Contacts were established between the UBC and the European Forum, which has been organising inter city exchange on urban safety at the European level for 25 years. Given their similar missions, their levels of experience and complementary membership, it seemed logic to seek cooperation between the two organisations and their members.


The issue of street violence provides an excellent theme of cooperation. Indeed, the European Forum is looking, for its Daphne III project “EU Reco Street Violence”,  for experiences, practices and recommendations on violence committed by urban youth groups in countries outside the project consortium. Efus is therefore very interested in developments in Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden.  On the other hands, members of the UBC’s urban safety commission are interested in learning more about the experiences and practices of members of Efus’ network.

The Baltic cities who attended the UBC meeting do not have particularly serious crime or gang problems.  In fact, as in many other parts of Europe, they associate the term “gang” with the situation in the United States rather than at home. Nevertheless, they feel concerned by the issue of street violence in a wider sense: Most face problems with groups of young people in the public space. Some report problems with groups of drunk people who fight outside of bars after closing hour, others report violence from sports fans, and even  groups who use internet to arrange meetings that are specifically aimed at fighting.

Others report problems with groups of organised pickpockets or groups of young people hanging out in public areas of housing estates and central areas of cities. But some cities are confronted with proper street gangs, or gang-like networks which are mainly ethnic gangs, such as Stockholm (Sweden), where the Black Cobras have set foot.

Baltic cities have already put in place specific measures to address this issue, that range from risk reduction measures to strategies aimed at preventing young people to join gangs, the latter being developed in Sweden by the National Prevention Council. Swedish cities that adhere to this strategy have put in place educational programmes to dispel “mythology” of gangs among young people. Youngsters are shown that joining a gang is not a guarantee for protection, quite the contrary. Other actions include preventing gangs from occupying a given “territory”. Such preventive measures are accompanied by repressive ones.

In many Baltic cities, the issue is rather new, and they are very interested in learning more through the EU Reco Street Violence project, in particular to avoid further street violence problems.

It is in this context that participants agreed to support the EU Reco Street Violence project by participating in its European survey and by sharing practices with the project.

In addition to other opportunities for cooperation, for example around the upcoming international Efus conference on the future of prevention, Efus and the EU Reco Street Violence have already been invited to continue exchanges with the UBC commission and several members cities and to participate in next year’s seminar on street violence.